Genital Warts

Bacterial Infections
Viral Infections
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Parasitic Infections
Genital warts are caused by an infection of the Human Papilloma Virus (HPV). This virus is passed between sexual partners through skin-to-skin contact.

Having genital warts is virtually the only symptom of a localised Human Papillomavirus (HPV) infection. This virus is especially common amongst young people. Although there is no cure for HPV, genital warts can be treated. If you think you’re experiencing these visible symptoms, please contact us to organise treatment today.

Warts around the penis, vagina or anus can be a serious sexual health issue. However, genital warts symptoms are obvious to see; if you notice warts in the areas, it’s important to seek medical attention.

Several types of HPV are most commonly spread through penetrative sex. If you do catch it, most infected people will begin to show warts within 8 months. When you have visible warts, the infection is at its most contagious.

Using a condom during intercourse can reduce the chances of an infection, but is not 100% effective. If you have genital warts, you should stop participating in all forms of sex until you have received treatment.

Key genital wart facts:

  • Caused by the second most common sexually transmitted infection in young people.
  • Can affect both males and females.
  • Some genital warts make the affected area itchy, uncomfortable and red in colour.
  • There are several types of HPV which can affect your sexual health.
  • Warts are a sign of a sexually transmitted HPV infection.
  • The infection can be passed on during sexual contact, not just intercourse.
  • Penetration has a higher rate of viral transmission.
  • Genital warts are caused by HPV spreading via oral sex, vaginal sex or anal sex.
  • Ulcers can appear weeks, months or even years after coming into contact with the virus.
  • Genital warts can reappear after treatment, as with any virus.
  • Symptoms may include fleshy growths, bumps or skin changes.
  • The tell-tale ulcers can appear as flat, smooth, small or large pink cauliflower-like lumps.
  • Genital warts can appear on its own but are more often found in groups.
  • They can spread and/or get worse if left untreated.
  • They can be found anywhere in the genital area; on the penis, scrotum, labia or anus.
  • Some may even appear on the inside surfaces of the vagina and anus.
  • If you are infected, each sexual partner has a 70% chance of catching HPV from you.

Testing and Treatments:

  • There is no test for genital warts.
  • We can only diagnose once the warts are visual.
  • Cryotherapy (freezing) can be an effective treatment. This is performed by a medical professional.
  • There are also several types of cream available to treat the infection. You can apply creams at home.
  • After treatment, genital warts can appear to go away or become ‘dormant’.
  • Treatment of any kind can’t guarantee that your genital warts won’t come back.

Please note: you will only be offered treatment if you have visible genital warts. If you aren’t sure whether you do or not, make an appointment with a medical physician.