Hepatitis A, B, C & D are different types of hepatitis which are carried in the blood and other bodily fluids such as saliva, semen and vaginal fluids. This means they can be transmitted through unprotected vaginal, anal or oral sex.
There are several types of hepatitis, some of which will pass without any problems and others that will require treatment. In many cases, there aren’t any symptoms so it often goes unnoticed. That’s why if you have unprotected sex, it’s always best to get tested to checked.
- Hep A is uncommon in the UK and is more likely to occur in countries with poor sanitation. It is usually passed on when you come into contact with close contact with an infected person or drink contaminated water. However, the less common way that it is transmitted is unprotected anal or oral sex. This type of infection usually passes within a few months and sometimes requires treatment for symptoms like nausea and discomfort.
- Hep B is the most common type of sexually transmitted viral Hepatitis in the UK. It can be spread through unprotected sex, sharing needles and can be passed from pregnant women to their unborn child. Symptoms can include reduced appetite, abdominal pain, nausea and flu-like symptoms. Treatment for this type of hepatitis will depend on how long you have had/been exposed to the virus.
- Hep C in the UK is transmitted by the sharing of equipment for intravenous drug use, or in very rare cases through unprotected sex.
- Hep D only affects people that already have hepatitis B. It’s spread through blood, for instance sharing needles, and sexual contact.
Testing and Treatments:
- Hepatitis can be diagnosed by a blood test.
- There is no specific treatment for hepatitis A and B.
- You may be offered vaccinations against hepatitis B depending on your sexual history and associated risks.
- It may be possible for symptoms to be managed with antiviral medication.